4 billion), Germany (. Other important sectors in the economy here are food processing, shipbuilding, shipping, chemicals, paper products, metals, timber, and textiles. source: World Bank 10Y 25Y. We cover commodities, metals, currencies and the general health of the economic system. See full list on voxeu. There is heavy investment in infrastructure. Oslo: Norges Banks skriftserie/Occasional Papers, no 35,. · For an idea of which economies rely most heavily on oil, this chart using World Bank data shows oil revenue as a share of GDP.
Change from previous year in percentage point. Unlike most developing countries, Saudi Arabia had an abundance of capital, and vast development projects sprung up that turned the once underdeveloped country into a modern state. Underlying data indicated the rate may have slowed by as much as.
The UAE is currently the seventh largest oil producer in the world and has an extensive oil reserve. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Norway was worth 403. : 223-238. The biggest export product is oil but pharmaceuticals and vehicles and transport equipment are forecast to have the fastest annual growth rates. Norway’s approach has several key features: 1.
Norway Economic Outlook. Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration,. Another reason for. 1 USD is equal to 3. · Norway&39;s economy has performed well over the past year, especially compared to its neighbors. After the Bretton Woods system fell apart (between August 1971 and March 1973) and the oil price shock in autumn 1973, most developed economies went into a period of prolonged recession and slow growth.
Crude Oil Rigs in Norway averaged 16. trading economics norway gdp oil 1 Structural, trading economics norway gdp oil non-oil fiscal deficit in per cent of mainland trend-GDP. In addition, it has billion in foreign reserves and an AAA Standard & Poors credit rating. Most of trading economics norway gdp oil the economy is based on natural resource exploitation, including fishing, petroleum, and hydroelectric power. Norway: Growth hits multi-decade high in Q3 amid rebound in domestic demand.
The country’s top three import partners are China, India and the United States. These promotions have been so successful that now less trading economics norway gdp oil than 5% of Dubai’s revenue comes from oil and a majority comes from hotel and restaurant fees, foreign bank fees, and royalties on oil. This stagnation is mirrored in the large-scale emigration from Norway to North America in the 1880s. This is reflected in Figure 1, which reports a consumer price index for Norway from 1516 to present. Thus, economic growth was higher and unemployment lower than for most other western countries. The newborn state lacked its own institutions, industrial entrepreneurs and domestic capital.
Ola Honningdal Grytten, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration Overview. Norway’s petroleum industry is extremely important to the nation’s economy. In the World Bank Ease of Doing Business report in, the UAE scored well on construction permits, paying taxe. However, both import and export of services are growing. Handelsflåten i krig: Nortraship: Konkurrent og alliert. What is Norway&39;s GDP growth? dollar, as many other western countries did with their currencies.
This page provides - Norway Oil Exports- actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. . Oslo: Scandinavian University Press, 1995. Source: Ministry of Finance. 1%) and agriculture (2. 69 percent growth in the previous period, as the economy gradually returned to normal conditions, after loosening the lockdown measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus, the preliminary estimate showed. Norway&39;s economy has performed well over the past year, especially compared to its neighbors.
The Norwegian GDP has grown significantly from to. 87 NOK Million from 1975 until, reaching an all time high of 37132 NOK Million in August trading economics norway gdp oil of and a record low of 0 NOK Million in February of 1975. How to Make the Public Sector More Efficient), SNF-rapport 4/91, Stiftelsen for Samfunns- ogNæringslivsforskning, Norwegian School of Business Administration, Bergen. The largest export markets were Japan, India, and South Korea in but it is expected that China will overtake Japan by.
34 percent of the trading economics norway gdp oil world economy. Crude Oil Production in Norway is expected to be 1550. Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia - Economy: Fueled by enormous revenues from oil exports, the economy boomed during the 1970s and ’80s. This has led to a strong dependence on oil. Because of this, the government had no reason to invest in and encourage the growth of private business. 9% in the agriculture sector.
Hanisch, Tore Jørgen, Espen Søilen and Gun. proposition of financial aid after the world. GDP grew mildly in August, slowing from July’s level as household spending lost steam—evidenced by a slowdown in retail sales during the month—and coming amid decelerating industrial production growth. The services industry contributes 52. Norwegian gas account for approximately 31% of EU gas imports (in ), with almost all Norwegian exports going to EU.
From 1917, when Germany declared war against non-friendly vessels, Norway took heavy losses. This enabled Norway to run a countercyclical financial policy during the stagflation period in the 1970s. The Norwegian economy is a developed, mixed economy wherein the state control some of the most important economic sectors. Still, Norway’s trillion sovereign wealth fund,. This country has a high cost of trading economics norway gdp oil living and labor.
Public investments have been made in centers of expertise, particularly in cancer biotechnology in Oslo. Only Ireland trading economics norway gdp oil had higher emigration rates than Norway between 18, when 860,000 Norwegians left the country. 2 Source: Angus Madisson and associates at the University of Groningen, 3 Mehlum, Halvor, Karl Ove Moene, and Ragnar Torvik, “Cursed by resources or institutions? 9% in totaling 4. What is Norwegian economy? “Om virkninger av paripolitikken.
As such, Dubailimited its oil reserves and began to promote its tourism and services export sectors. 5 percent of the population, left the country. We can also conclude that the growth process slowed down during the last three decades of the nineteenth century. In terms of mainland GDP, our panelists see growth of 1. · Norway’s self-imposed fiscal rule limits spending of its oil wealth to 3% of the value of its vast sovereign wealth fund, which it amassed through decades of oil economics and gas production. 7 Total % of GDP Norway. 48 percent year-on-year in the fourth quarter of, accelerating from a marginally revised 2. orgThe Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Norway was worth 403.
Although the economy of Norway is considered healthy, developed, and growing, it does face some serious challenges. By 1870 it had become a relatively wealthy nation. However, in terms of the economy, the government clearly took the side of the British and their allies. Construction-related materials is the country’s largest import product group. Liberalization of world trade and high internat. Novem. The growth process was very much initiated by high productivity growth norway in agriculture and the success of the foreign sector.
This country imports . Long-term perspective in the management of the government&39;s petroleum revenues ensures that they benefit Norwegian society as a whole, and that future generations will benefit from Norway’s petroleum wealth. “Norwegian Exports,: In Perspective of Historical National Accounts. But is this a correct description? The UAE is home to market leading companies like Emirates Airlines and DP World.
It is enjoying low unemployment and a broadly neutral budget, while its economy continues to grow. Crude output is not part of mainland GDP, but the industry’s resulting investment cuts will have a significant impact on the mainland economy. License : CC BY-4. The largest oil company in the country is Statoil, two-thirds of which is owned by the government. The UAE signed the Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement which allows to have free trade with Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Morocco, and Jordan. This impressive growth was mirrored in only a few other countries. Looking forward, we estimate GDP From Utilities in Norway to stand at 5830. Officially Norway was neutral during World War I.
See full list on dailyforex. 34 billion US dollars in, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics. Norway’s economy was hit hard during the “depression” from mid 1870s to the early 1890s. Norway is a small, open, natural resource-rich economy.
The airports in Dubai and Abu Dhabi as well as the Jebel Ali harbor have made the country a global center for finance and travel. Oil and Gas trade Norway is trading economics norway gdp oil in the global top 7 exporters of crude oil. The oil price crash in led the UAE government to limit oil’s contribution to the GDP to 20%.
6 million on the northern flank of Europe, is today one of the most wealthy nations in the world, both measured as GDP per capita and in capital stock. In October last year, the sovereign wealth fund achieved an historic milestone when its value surpassed NOK 10 trillion for the first time ever. 84 billion).
This indicator does not take into account the fact that different income and expenditure items may affect economic activity in different ways. However, economic growth as a more or less continuous process started in the 1840s. 6 Total SDR millions Q4- Norway SDR millions: Total SDR millions Q1--Q4- Norway (red) Total SDR millions Q4- Norway (red) Tax on corporate profits Indicator: 5. Similar fears had hit oil much harder earlier in the year, with many analysts expecting crude from smaller producers Norway, Brazil and Guyana to exacerbate supply surpluses in. 86 billion), and Denmark (.
Figure 2 shows annual development in GDP by expenditure (in fixed prices) from 1830 to. The marginal production cost of one barrel is USD. Norway has managed to translate economic growth into high and rising living standards, with a GDP per capita of ,741, well above the average of ,6 advanced economies covered in our report.
Most of the labor force is concentrated in the petroleum industry, which places an emphasis on unskilled trading economics norway gdp oil labor. At its peak in 1882 as many gdp as 28,804 persons, 1. The same year Norway made the krone convertible to the U. · The public sector continues to. 1 percent forecast in September. The daler depreciated heavily during the first troubled years of recession in the 1820s.
The oil and gas industries play a dominant role in the Norwegian economy, providing a source of finance for the Norwegian welfare state through direct ownership of oil fields, dividends from its shares in Equinor, and licensure fees and taxes. Because of this gdp reliance on nonrenewable resources and unskilled labor, economic growth is vulnerable to any downturns in the global market. Agricultural output, fish catches and wars were decisive trading economics norway gdp oil for the waves in the economy previous to independence.
”, World Economy, 2. First, Norway’s level of GDP per hour worked is substantially higher than that of its Nordic neighbours because Norwegian employees. Norway’s petroleum industries, including crude oil and gas extraction, accounted for about 1. Oslo: Grøndahl and Dreyer, 1992. The economy of Norway is sensitive to changes in output and prices in the offshore oil and gas sector as these are major export markets, alongside its fishing industry. · Mainland Norway&39;s gross domestic product (GDP) increased in by 1. Many Norwegians believe that their natural resource wealth – first timber, then hydropower, now oil and natural gas – transformed Norway in one short century from a destitute place to one of the most affluent countries of the world. The oil and gas sector has enabled Norway to build a large services sector which they anticipate can assist in the growth of other areas of their economy such as the aluminium industry, the healthcare sector and, not least, fish farming and fisheries, at a time when a 4.
The biggest import partners are Sweden (. 9 billion), China (. trading economics norway gdp oil Norway, with its population of 4. Oil rents (% of GDP) Estimates based on sources and methods described in "The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium" ( World Bank, ).
British Technology and European Industrialization. ” Historisk tidsskrift58, no. Vietnam&39;s gross domestic product advanced by 4. 23 billion), the UK (. Due to topography and climatic conditions the communities in the North and the West were more dependent on fish and foreign trade than the communities in the south and east, which relied mainly on agriculture. The series, with few exceptions, reveal steady growth rates with few huge fluctuations. Learn how economic indicators, such as crude inventories and production levels, are used by oil traders and investors to understand the market&39;s direction.
The oil and gas sector constitutes around 18% of Norwegian GDP and 62% of Norwegian exports in. Norway had by 1875 the fourth biggest merchant fleet in the world. Bergh, Tore Hanisch, Even Lange and Helge Pharo. The GCC is currently negotiating free trade zones with the EU, Japan, China, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Korea and the Group of Mercosur and already has free trade agreements with Singapore, EFTA, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, New Zealand, and the Principality of Liechtenstein. For an idea of which economies rely most heavily on oil, this chart using World Bank data shows oil revenue as a share of GDP. Fitch and Standard & Poor’s gave UAE a AA rating with a stable outlook and Moody’s gave an AA2 rating with a negative outlook. 3 billion USD.
However, due to lack of hard currencies they accepted the Marshall aid program. The exports of timber, fish and in particular maritime services achieved high growth rates. Norway is in the global top 7 exporters of crude oil. The yearswere more volatile than any other period in question, while there was an impressive and steady rate of growth until the mid 1970s and from then on slower growth.
A positive figure indicates an expansive budget effect. Hence, both productivity and business structure did not have the incentives to keep pace with changes in international markets. With a per capita GDP of ,000 USD, the population is considered wealthy.
· Bernhardsen stressed that there’s no “crisis” in Norway yet, but if the oil price remains in the USD 30s per barrel, oil sector activity will decline as it did trading economics norway gdp oil after prices fell in. 7 billion worth of goods every year. Profit from these industries finance the countrys manufacturing and welfare systems, including the Government Pension Fund Global. The currency of the UAE is called the Dirham and it is pegged to the USD at 0.
Norway exports 9 billion worth of goods annually. The majority of its imports are cars (. Norwegian sailing vessels freighted international goods all over the world at low prices. As part of the reconstruction efforts Norway joined the Bretton Woods system, GATT, the IMF and the World Bank. Octo. · Norway is a small, open, natural resource-rich economy.
GDP in Norway averaged 165. 53 billion). The peaks in this figure mark the sixteenth-century Price Revolution (1530s to 1590s), the Thirty economics Years War, the Great Nordic War, the Napoleonic Wars, the only period of hyperinflation in Norway — World War I— and the stagflation period, i. high rates of inflation combined with a slowdown in product. trading economics norway gdp oil Chart: GDP per capita Norway and mainland Norway The oil and gas industry has played a vital role for the strong growth in our economy over the past 40 years. Bernhardsen stressed that there’s no “crisis” in Norway yet, but if the oil price remains in the USD 30s per barrel, oil sector activity will decline as it did after prices fell in.
During the war’s first years, Norwegian ship owners profited from the war, and the economy boomed. Norway practices a mixed economy with both privately and publicly owned enterprises. UAE was ranked 17th inby the World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report. In, 19% of the GDP was oil, 39% of exports were oil, and 35% of tax revenues were from o. 8% in, which is unchanged from last month’s projection, and 1. A third explanation of Norway’s economic problems in the 1880s is norway the transformation from sailing to steam vessels. Petroleum Gas – billion.
03 billion), and nickel mattes (. It also channels the world’s largest sovereign trading economics norway gdp oil wealth fund, which manages its oil and gas revenues, into long-term economic planning. Economics news and analysis. The above discussion raises the following question: Does the fact that Norway managed only to advance to a slightly higher level of per capita income than its Nordic neighbours that are much less well endowed with natural resources mean that Norway failed to exploit its resources as fully as it could have? By receiving 400 million dollars from 1948 to 1952, Norway was one of the biggest per capita recipients. 5kg salmon, once packaged and processed, is worth more than a barrel of oil. The GDP of Norway is 4 billion which results in a GDP per capita of ,697. The Economic History of Norway.
Through several treaties Norway gave privileges to the allied powers, which protected the Norwegian merchant fleet. GDP From Utilities in Norway is expected to be 5569. The UAE joined the WTO in 1996 and signed various trade and economic agreements with countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, and Australia. The years from 1950 to 1973 are often called the golden era of the Norw. 1 See Victor Norman et al. Norway had a traditional, prosperous economy of fishing, mining, lumber, and agriculture until 1971, when oil was discovered. During that time, trading economics norway gdp oil unemployment was all but nonexistent—large numbers of foreign.
Oil Exports in Norway averaged 12510. Economic growth in the UAE in non-oil sectors such as construction, hospitality, and transport services has remained strong. The Economy Of Norway. What is the gross domestic product (GDP) of Norway? In detail, the GDP grew from 2,428 billion Norwegian kroner in to 3,549. Government debt declined in due to surpluses from the two previous years. The adoption of new structures and technology along with substitution from arable to lifestock production made labor productivity in agriculture increase by about 150 percent between 18.
3% unemployment rate. While the UAE maintains a surplus in trade in goods, there is a deficit in trade. Imports from China are expected to grow the fastest while imports from the US are expected to decline. The Norwegian economy&39;s total gross domestic product (GDP) in was 9 billion and a GDP per capita of ,000.
· What is the gross domestic product (GDP) of Norway? Norway’s sensible approach to oil wealth management deserves the attention it has received in other resource-rich countries around the world. What are the major exports of Norway? I have my doubts. Norway’s Top 5 Commodity Exports. critical to Norway’s economic outlook.
81 billion), computers (. 4% in March from February, Statistics Norway (SSB) said. Thus, Norway, like other Western countries experienced a significant boom in the economy from the spring of 1919 to the early autumn 1920.
5 years of Norway economic forecasts for more than 30 economic indicators. Norway suspended gold redemption in August 1914, and due to inflationary monetary policy during the war and in the first couple of years afterward, demand was very high. Oil And Gas. On this legal basis, the government has absorbed.
The revised fiscal rule will better preserve oil wealth across generations Returns on Norway’s wealth fund finance substantial non-oil fiscal deficits. Considering imports and exports, Norway has a positive revenue of . The success of the Norwegian foreign sector can be explained by a number of factors. 7% in. Exports are expected to grow to US 6 billion. The GDP value of Norway represents 0. 06 billion), passenger and cargo ships (. In fact, Norway became a major power in shipping services during this period, accounting for about seven percent of the world merchant fleet in 1875.
54 billion), refined petroleum (. The UAE is extremely vulnerable and needs serious buffers in case of a shock to the oil market. 1% in the industry sector, and 2. Norway’s economy has nonetheless remained strong and recovered fairly quickly from the oil price dive six years ago. Measured in GDP per capita Norway was well over the European average, in the middle of the West trading economics norway gdp oil European countries, and in fact, well above Sweden. Overview: In Norway was the number 27 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 33 in total exports, the number 40 in total imports, the number 5 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 34 most complex economy according to trading the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).
Looking forward, we estimate Crude Oil Production in Norway to stand at 1750. The country is a very attractive market for foreign investment. This page provides - Norway Crude Oil Rigs- actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. The United Arab Emirates has 37 free trade zones divided into business categories. All in all, 250,000 emigrated in the period, equal to 60 percent of the birth surplus. Qvigstad, editors. Yet, since then, Finland and Iceland have caught up without the gifts of nature offering a clear and de.
The Labor Party, in office from 1935, grabbed the opportunity to establish a strict social democratic rule, with a growing public sector and widespread centralized economic planning. Budgets will now aim at structural. 76 USD Billion in and a record low of 5. With the UAE’s dedication to diversification and strong competitiveness, along with its favorable business environment, the economy of the United Arab Emirates should continue to be resilient. See full list on eh. The UAE is also part of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Economic Indicators for Norway including actual values, historical data charts, an economic calendar, time-series statistics, business news, long term forecasts and short-term predictions for Norway economy. However, due to its huge stocks of natural resources and its geographical closeness to the sea and to the United Kingdom, the new state, linked to Sweden in a loose royal union, seized its opportunities after some decades. . Looking forward, we estimate GDP From Manufacturing in Norway to stand at 54809. The story took off from there, and Norway is now the third-largest oil exporter globally, with around 22% of the country’s GDP coming from oil and gas. 7% of the GDP, followed by industry (45.
Finland and Iceland‘s per capita incomes were only about a half of those of Denmark and Sweden around 1900. UAE’s imports increased 7. The long slow down can largely been explained by Norway’s dependence on the international economy and in particular the United Kingdom, which experienced slower economic growth than the other major economies of the time. 92 from 1995 until, reaching an all time high of 25 in January of and a record low of 6 in February of 1995. The construction sector is expected to grow while the ICT industry is expected to decline.
As a result of the international slowdown, Norwegian exports contracted in several years, but expanded in others. 00 in 12 months time. The oil sector is monopolising the nation’s technical talent, with more than 50,000. The statistics agency last week cut its forecasts for growth in Norway’s mainland economy, which excludes oil, to 1 percent next year, versus a 2. Norway is Western Europe&39;s most important source of natural gas. In, the service sector as a whole accounted for approximately 59 per cent of GDP.
After the war the challenge was to reconstruct the economy and re-establish political and economic order. A recession replaced the boom. Basberg, Bjørn L. Historical Monetary Statistics for Norway,. This article from Norwegian Petroleum website explains the splits of government&39;s revenue from petroleum activities (suggesting roughly a quarter of GDP from Oil) which includes Income from SFDIs ( State’s Direct Financial Interest), StatOil dividends and Taxes (all directly linked with Oil Price). Norway first declined the U. The Norwegian economy was traditionally based on local farming communities combined with other types of industry, basically fishing, hunting, wood and timber along with a domestic and international-trading merchant fleet. Over the last few years, however, both federal and local governments have been working toward increasing private industries that are not focused on petroleum production and exploitation.
Norway&39;s energy boom is tailing off years ahead of expectations, exposing an economy unprepared for life after oil and threatening the long-term viability of the world&39;s most generous welfare model. Norway: A History from the Vikings to Our Own Times. · Learn how economic indicators, such as crude inventories and production levels, are used by oil traders and investors to understand the market&39;s direction. However, due to lack of capital and technological skills, the transformation from sail to steam was slow.
Norway also chose to become member of NATO and the United Nations. The UAE connects three continents- Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Norway was worth 403. · Norway Economic Outlook.
In 1958 the country also joined the European Free Trade Area (EFTA). Effektiviseringsmuligheter i offentlig virksomhet (Against Better Judgment? Did something go wrong?
The zones have favorable tax and business regulations such as no personal income tax, tax exemptions on imports and exports, and corporation tax exemptions of up to 50 years. 6% on a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis, according to data released by Statistics Norway on 17 November. Oil and natural gas exports contribute 17% of the national GDP. 0 percent, the agency said, the weakest growth since the financial crisis in.
Oil wealth is bringing its own problems. 00 BBL/D/1K by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. If the UAE continues production at the current pace, it would be able to produce oil for more than 90 years. Growth and Development. Foreign investors are also attracted trading economics norway gdp oil to the favorable regulations and taxes.
Hanisch, Tore Jørgen. 8 million-person labor force, approximately 76% work in the services sector, 21. The oil and gas sector is Norway&39;s largest measured in terms of value added, government revenues, investments and export value. Because of its reliance on petroleum, once reserves are exhausted Norway will not be able to maintain its high quality of living and economic success. · Norway’s GDP. The oil and gas industry is Norway&39;s largest in terms of government revenue and value-added. However, since the countercyclical policy focused on branch and company subsidies, Norwegian firms soon learned to adapt to policy makers rather than to the markets. 00 NOK Million by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations.
Reflecting lower returns on assets globally, trading economics norway gdp oil Norway’s fiscal rule has been made more prudent. Norway Economic News. Norway is ready to send more than NOK 300 billion in oil money into the economy to soften the shock of the Covid-19 pandemic, shows the government&39;s state budget proposal. (1991), Mot bedre vitende? Danielsen, Rolf, Ståle Dyrvik, Tore Grønlie, Knut Helle and Edgar Hovland.
(Updates with. Norway has a 4. Norway&39;s economy is heavily reliant on Oil price. Oslo: NUPI, 1979. Production and exploitation of North Sea oil and natural gas drive the economy of Norway. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. The mainland economy, which excludes oil and gas production, shrank by 6.
The principal focus is on the high-technology industry. About a quarter of our GDP is related to oil and gas extraction, and a large share of our petroleum production is exported. What were the economic problems in Norway in the 1880s? GDP rebounded strongly in the third quarter, growing 4.
See full list on worldatlas. Klovland and Jan F. GDP From Manufacturing in Norway is expected to be 55398.
trading economics norway gdp oil economy consists of service industries, including wholesale and retail trade, banking, insurance, engineering, transport and communica-tions and public services. · Higher Oil Prices Could Jeopardize India’s Economy at 15:40 | Tsvetana Paraskova While oil exporting nations are benefiting from higher oil prices, oil importers face growing crude. Norway’s self-imposed fiscal rule limits spending of its oil wealth to 3% of the value of its vast sovereign wealth fund, which it amassed through decades of oil and gas production. Øyvind, Jan T. The country’s economic engine is fueled by a variety of major industries such as petroleum (or oil) production, hydro-power, aquaculture, shipping, and tourism. My answer is no, for two reasons. Crude Oil Rigs in Norway increased to 19 in November from 15 in October of. From the beginning, before the first drop of oil emerged, the oil and gas reserves within Norwegian jurisdiction were defined by law as common property resources, thereby clearly establishing the legal rights of the Norwegian people to the resource rents.
When the war came to an end this excess demand was met by a positive shift in supply. Norway lost significant competitive power, and large-scale deindustrialization took place, despite efforts to save manufacturing industry. A second reason for the slowdown in Norway was the introduction of the international gold. See more results.
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